Australian gem stones - Australian gemstones are known for their exquisite patterns and colours. Let's take a look at some of the beautiful and rare stones that can be found deep in the earth of Australia.
Variations - Jade is either nephrite or jadeite. Jadeite has is slightly harder, takes a higher gloss polish (glassy) and can be grey (most common and least valuable), green, orange, lavender, yellow, or white. It is graded with the same criterion as a gemstone, with emerald green being comparable in value to an emerald.
Various colours - Australia sources its sapphire from two main fields in New South Wales and Queensland. The blue variety of sapphire is the most common gemstone offered in jewellery stores. However, sapphire is actually available in various colours.
Varieties - Pearls are also harvested nearby Darwin within the Northern Territory. Australian pearls are fine gemstones that can be found in various shades such as cream, gold, and pink. You can also find silver varieties.
Fun facts - Alexander the Great wore one on his girdle during all his battles. It was a particular favourite of Frederick The Great of Prussia, who loved its bright green colour. Unlike most other green stones, which owe their colour to chromium or vanadium, chrysoprase derives its colour from nickel.